Transcriptional Reprogramming Regulates Tumor Cell Survival in Response to Ionizing Radiation: a Role of p53

Авторы: Кучур О.А., Завирский А.В., Штиль А.А.


Senexin B, a non-toxic selective inhibitor of cyclin-dependent protein kinases 8 and 19 (CDK8 and CDK19), in combination with γ-photon irradiation in doses of 2-10 Gy increased the death of colon adenocarcinoma cell line HCT116 (intact p53) in a logarithmically growing culture, which was accompanied by the prevention of cell cycle arrest and a decrease of "senescence" phenotype. The effect of senexin B in cells with intact p53 is similar to that of Tp53 gene knockout: irradiated HCT116p53KO cells passed through the interphase and died independently of senexin B. The inhibitor reduced the ability of cells to colony formation in response to irradiation; p53 status did not affect the effectiveness of the combination of radiation and senexin B. Thus, the CDK8/19 inhibitor senexin B increased cell sensitivity to radiotherapy by mechanisms dependent and independent of p53 status.

Keywords: cell death; cyclin-dependent protein kinases 8/19; ionizing radiation; p53; transcriptional reprogramming.