Physicochemical Properties of Manganese Oxides Obtained via the Sol–Gel Method during the Reduction of Potassium Permanganate by Polyvinyl Alcohol

Authors: Ivanets A.I., Prozorovich V.G., Krivoshapkina E.F., Kuznetsova T.F., Krivoshapkin P.V., Katsoshvili L.L.


Experimental data on the sol–gel synthesis of manganese oxides formed during the reduction of potassium permanganate by polyvinyl alcohol in an aqueous medium are presented. The physicochemical properties of the obtained manganese oxide systems that depend on the conditions of the synthesis are studied by means of DTA, XRD, SEM, and the low temperature adsorption–desorption of nitrogen. It is found that the obtained samples have a mesoporous structure and predominantly consist of double potassium–manganese oxide K2Mn4O8 with a tunnel structure and impurities of oxides such as α-MnO2, MnO, α-Mn2O3, and Mn5O8. It is shown that the proposed method of synthesis allows us to regulate the size and volume of mesopores and, to a lesser extent, the texture of the obtained oxides, which can be considered promising sorbents for the selective extraction of strontium and cesium ions from multicomponent aqueous solutions.


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